Sindh, being the most ancient civilization of the world, has a vast knowledge and unbroken tradition of the use of the plants for a variety of purposes. Therapeutic uses of plants has been recorded in many treatise, historical documents and travelogue ancient Sindh.
Rural Sindh is a place where plants are still used for the treatment of prevailing diseases. However, with the growing urbanization and changing life style, this knowledge base is shrinking and traditions are gradually lost with the time. The project entitled “Scientific Evaluation and Product Development from the Folk Medicines used in the Province of Sindh”, was envisaged to collect, document, and made public the rich ethnobotanic knowledge of Sindh. This is the crucial first step to preserve the traditional knowledge, to prevent it unlawful use by others, and to benefit from this knowledge by the systemic use of Science and Technology.
The content of this monograph is based on the valuable information collected during the first ever field based ethnobotanic survey, conducted in all 17 districts of the province of Sindh by a multidisciplinary team of researchers and scientists.
Forty four (44) different places were visited for the documentation of folk medicinal practices, based on a carefully designed survey protocol. Over 700 survey forms were filled by various stakeholders, common peoples, traditional healers, hakims, etc. Based on which, 101 samples of medicinal plants were collected, including different parts of the same plants at different occasions, and from different places. The names of the districts which were visited are given in section-1.1, and a map of the Province is presented in section-1.2, with visited areas properly highlighted.